The Effect of Import Tariff Policy on Indonesian Soybean Consumption and Production

Irada Sinta, Hasnah, Dwi Yuzaria

Abstract

This study aims to determine the factors affecting consumption and production of
national soybean and the effect of soybean import tariff on domestic soybean
consumption and production. This research was conducted in March - April 2017.
The data used in this study is a secondary data in form of annual with a time series
of 30 years ranged from 1986-2015. The result shows that the import quantity of
soybean is affected by the variable of exchange rate; soybean consumption and
import tariff. The price of imported soybean and exchange rate significantly affect
domestic soybean price. While domestic soybean price and population significantly
influence soybean consumption where a soybean productivity is highly responsive
to wage rates. The simulation result shows that the quantity of imported soybean and
soybean consumption increase with the tariff exemption (T = 0%) compared to
condition when it is applied. Whereas, the domestic soybean price decreases at the
exemption of tariffs compared to a condition when it is applied. Our study reveals
that the application of tariffs had no effect on soybean production and productivity.
The result of forecasting without alternative tariff imports, which has been analysed
during the next 7 years, shows that in the next few years, Indonesia will not be able
to achieve the self-sufficiency of soybeans.

Keywords

import tariff, soybean, simulation, forecasting

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