ANALYSIS ON THE ATTITUDE OF FARMERS TO RICE FARMING INSURANCE (RFI) PROGRAMIN TANAH DATAR DISTRICT

Siska Handayani

Abstract

Rice Farming Insurance (RFI) Program in Indonesia has been implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture since 2015, with the aim to protect farmers from possible loss of crop failure due to a variety of possible disasters such as floods, drought, pests or others. Although it has been quite encouraged by the relevant field agencies, this RFI program was not so successful. In the district of Tanah Datar, there has been a significant decrease in the amount of land that follows RFI program, from 1,061 ha in 2016 to only about 150 ha in the yearof 2017, of the total target area of RFI program (2,300 Ha). In fact, as one of the centers of rice production in the province of West Sumatra, rice farming in Tanah Datar include enough vulnerable areas to disruptions resulting from floods, drought and plant pest organisms attack. In this regard, this study have been conducted to find factors that lead to the decrease of farmer participation in this RFI program, particularly by studying how the socialization process of the program has been done by the government, and how are the actual farmer's attitude towards this RFI program?. By applying qualitative (key informant interviews) and quantitative approaches (using aquestionnaire survey to a numbers of farmers), this study obtained the empirical facts that the socialization program thatwas done by relevant stakeholders, including government, private and community leaders also farmers, are not so intensif. The field extension officer has concentrated only in facilitating the program officers and other parties to be able to convey this RFI program to groups of farmers, not too deeply to individual farmers. The analysis of the farmers’ attitude to this program shown that, in the cognitive aspects, the majority of farmers in all five categories are still do not fully understand and confidence to RFI program. Similar totheiraffective aspects, the majority of farmers in the five categories has not yet able to determine attitudes, whether they like or dislike the RFI program. Meanwhile, only in term of their conative aspects, mostly farmersof all categories are eager to learn more and become the participant of RFI program.

Rice Farming Insurance (RFI) Program in Indonesia has been implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture since 2015, with the aim to protect farmers from possible loss of crop failure due to a variety of possible disasters such as floods, drought, pests or others. Although it has been quite encouraged by the relevant field agencies, this RFI program was not so successful. In the district of Tanah Datar, there has been a significant decrease in the amount of land that follows RFI program, from 1,061 ha in 2016 to only about 150 ha in the yearof 2017, of the total target area of RFI program (2,300 Ha). In fact, as one of the centers of rice production in the province of West Sumatra, rice farming in Tanah Datar include enough vulnerable areas to disruptions resulting from floods, drought and plant pest organisms attack. In this regard, this study have been conducted to find factors that lead to the decrease of farmer participation in this RFI program, particularly by studying how the socialization process of the program has been done by the government, and how are the actual farmer's attitude towards this RFI program?. By applying qualitative (key informant interviews) and quantitative approaches (using aquestionnaire survey to a numbers of farmers), this study obtained the empirical facts that the socialization program thatwas done by relevant stakeholders, including government, private and community leaders also farmers, are not so intensif. The field extension officer has concentrated only in facilitating the program officers and other parties to be able to convey this RFI program to groups of farmers, not too deeply to individual farmers. The analysis of the farmers’ attitude to this program shown that, in the cognitive aspects, the majority of farmers in all five categories are still do not fully understand and confidence to RFI program. Similar totheiraffective aspects, the majority of farmers in the five categories has not yet able to determine attitudes, whether they like or dislike the RFI program. Meanwhile, only in term of their conative aspects, mostly farmersof all categories are eager to learn more and become the participant of RFI program.

Keywords

Farmer attitudes, Cognitive, Affective, conative, Rice Farming Insurance (RFI)Program

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